Advanced Vocabulary 2

1. AFFLUENCE: The state of having a great deal of money; wealth

  • It is a sign of our growing affluence.
  • Gandhi could have lived in affluence if he so chose.
  • Affluence is not a permanent thing it can go away at any time.
  • Only affluent people can afford to buy an IPhone.
  • In India people lived in affluence before the Mughal era.

2. RETROSPECT: A survey or review of the past course of events or period of time

  • A full retrospect of the battle is to be done.
  • If you think and retrospect you will know the reason for the failure.
  • Today, people have become so busy that they have no time to retrospect.
  • You should retrospect if you want to learn from your mistakes.
  • Move forward and don’t indulge in retrospection too much.

3. GOURMET: A connoisseur of good food; a person with a disconcerting palate

  • Only a gourmet can judge the fine taste of this exquisite meal.
  • I am a gourmet. My idea is “ Got food, will eat! ”
  • You talk like a gourmet but I bet that you can’t eat much.
  • That restaurant serves nice chicken. I know that because I am a gourmet.
  • American food is good, but Indian food can only be prepared by a gourmet.

4. MAGNANIMOUS: Generous or forgiving, especially towards a rival or less powerful person

  • We should be magnanimous in victory.
  • Have a large heart and show me how magnanimous you can be.
  • India is always magnanimous towards Pakistan.
  • Magnanimous people are always revered in our Indian society.
  • It’s wrong to say that only educated people can be magnanimous.

5. CLANDESTINE: Kept secret or done secretly

  • She deserved better than these clandestine meetings.
  • The clandestine military operation was revealed to the public.
  • Those government documents were clandestine.
  • This meeting should be clandestine and no one should find out.
  • The teacher knew that the students hold clandestine conferences.

6. APATHETIC: Showing or feeling no interest, enthusiasm or concern

  • An apathetic electorate is not a good sign.
  • Don’t be apathetic towards your work or you will not get success.
  • Her attitude towards him was apathetic at first.
  • I don’t want apathetic people in this group.
  • We shouldn’t be apathetic towards our elders. They are a great source of knowledge.

7. PLACATE: Make someone less angry or hostile

  • They attempted to placate the students with promises.
  • You can placate me all you want but my decision is not going to change.
  • All the party members gathered to placate the senior leaders.
  • After seeing my report card, my father needed someone to placate him.
  • When he tried to placate the man, he became even more angry.

8. VACILLATE: Waver between different opinions or actions, be indecisive

  • I vacillated between teaching and journalism.
  • I got so drunk last night that i could not drive. I vacillated between hiring a cab or walking home.
  • He vacillated for a week before deciding to go to Jamaica for vacation.
  • All the candidates were so good that it made me vacillate.
  • I vacillated for two days before deciding to join this company.

9. NOSTALGIC: feeling, evoking or characterized by nostalgia. (Longing for the past)

  • He remained nostalgic about the good old days.
  • He wrote a nostalgic account of a playful childhood.
  • I got nostalgic when I visited my school after so many years.
  • Just thinking about her makes me feel nostalgic.
  • This used to be my favourite song when I was growing up. It makes me remember the days and I can’t help but feel nostalgic.

10. ANTIPATHY: A deep seated feeling of aversion (dislike)

  • People’s antipathy towards the corrupt politicians was evident from the election results.
  • My antipathy towards capitalism is fundamental.
  • She could not explain her antipathy towards the teachers.
  • There used to be an atmosphere of antipathy towards rich people.
  • Antipathy towards other races and cultures is ridiculous.