Advanced Vocabulary 2
1. AFFLUENCE: The state of having a great deal of money; wealth
- It is a sign of our growing affluence.
- Gandhi could have lived in affluence if he so chose.
- Affluence is not a permanent thing it can go away at any time.
- Only affluent people can afford to buy an IPhone.
- In India people lived in affluence before the Mughal era.
2. RETROSPECT: A survey or review of the past course of events or period of time
- A full retrospect of the battle is to be done.
- If you think and retrospect you will know the reason for the failure.
- Today, people have become so busy that they have no time to retrospect.
- You should retrospect if you want to learn from your mistakes.
- Move forward and don’t indulge in retrospection too much.
3. GOURMET: A connoisseur of good food; a person with a disconcerting palate
- Only a gourmet can judge the fine taste of this exquisite meal.
- I am a gourmet. My idea is “ Got food, will eat! ”
- You talk like a gourmet but I bet that you can’t eat much.
- That restaurant serves nice chicken. I know that because I am a gourmet.
- American food is good, but Indian food can only be prepared by a gourmet.
4. MAGNANIMOUS: Generous or forgiving, especially towards a rival or less powerful person
- We should be magnanimous in victory.
- Have a large heart and show me how magnanimous you can be.
- India is always magnanimous towards Pakistan.
- Magnanimous people are always revered in our Indian society.
- It’s wrong to say that only educated people can be magnanimous.
5. CLANDESTINE: Kept secret or done secretly
- She deserved better than these clandestine meetings.
- The clandestine military operation was revealed to the public.
- Those government documents were clandestine.
- This meeting should be clandestine and no one should find out.
- The teacher knew that the students hold clandestine conferences.
6. APATHETIC: Showing or feeling no interest, enthusiasm or concern
- An apathetic electorate is not a good sign.
- Don’t be apathetic towards your work or you will not get success.
- Her attitude towards him was apathetic at first.
- I don’t want apathetic people in this group.
- We shouldn’t be apathetic towards our elders. They are a great source of knowledge.
7. PLACATE: Make someone less angry or hostile
- They attempted to placate the students with promises.
- You can placate me all you want but my decision is not going to change.
- All the party members gathered to placate the senior leaders.
- After seeing my report card, my father needed someone to placate him.
- When he tried to placate the man, he became even more angry.
8. VACILLATE: Waver between different opinions or actions, be indecisive
- I vacillated between teaching and journalism.
- I got so drunk last night that i could not drive. I vacillated between hiring a cab or walking home.
- He vacillated for a week before deciding to go to Jamaica for vacation.
- All the candidates were so good that it made me vacillate.
- I vacillated for two days before deciding to join this company.
9. NOSTALGIC: feeling, evoking or characterized by nostalgia. (Longing for the past)
- He remained nostalgic about the good old days.
- He wrote a nostalgic account of a playful childhood.
- I got nostalgic when I visited my school after so many years.
- Just thinking about her makes me feel nostalgic.
- This used to be my favourite song when I was growing up. It makes me remember the days and I can’t help but feel nostalgic.
10. ANTIPATHY: A deep seated feeling of aversion (dislike)
- People’s antipathy towards the corrupt politicians was evident from the election results.
- My antipathy towards capitalism is fundamental.
- She could not explain her antipathy towards the teachers.
- There used to be an atmosphere of antipathy towards rich people.
- Antipathy towards other races and cultures is ridiculous.